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Nothing to Envy



Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North KoreaNothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea
Barbara Demick

Spiegel & Grau 2010-09-21
売り上げランキング : 18650

by G-Tools


Kim Il-sung's goal wasn't merely to build a new country; he wanted to build better people, to reshape human nature. To that end, he created his own philosophical system, juche, which is commonly translated as "self-reliance."(中略)But Kim Il-sung rejected traditional Communist teachings about universalism and internationalism. He was a Korean nationalist in the extreme. He instructed Koreans that they were special - almost a chosen people - and that they no longer had to rely on their more powerful neighbors, China, Japan, or Russia. The South Koreans were a disgrace because of their dependence on the United States.



In the classroom teachers often sung "We Have Nothing to Envy in the World," which had a singsongy tune as familiar to North Korean children as "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
Mi-ran had sung it as a schoolgirl and knew the words by heart:

Our father, we have nothing to envy in the worlds.
Our house is within the embrace of the Workers' Party.
We are all brothers and sisters.
Even if a sea of fire comes toward us, sweet children do not need to be afraid,
Our father is here.
We have nothing to envy in this world.

学校の教室では、先生はよく「We Have Nothing to Envy in the World」を歌った。これは北朝鮮に子どもにとっては「キラキラ星」のようなおなじみの歌だ。ミランも女子生徒のときに歌い、歌詞はすっかり覚えていた。



It was hard for Mrs. Song to trust anything she saw on television. She knew well enough from a lifetime in North Korea (/) that images could be manipulated. The Workers' Party lectures had warned her that foreign television broadcasts were designed to undermine the teachings of Kim Il-Sung and Kim Jong-il. (中略)
But it couldn't all be made up. And she couldn't dispute what she saw for herself in China - the abundant foods, the cars, the appliances.
Her hosts had an automatic rice cooker with a sensor that turned it off when the rice was done. Most of their appliances confused her, but the rice cooker was an endless source of fascination. Long ago, she'd owned a crude rice cooker, nothing like this one. It had been confiscated by the police because you weren't supposed to use electricity for cooking.
Every morning when she heard the beeping of the rice cooker, signaling that breakfast was ready, Mrs. Song marveled at the technology. It was true, she thought, North Korea was years, maybe decades, behind China. And who knew how far behind South Korea?

しかし全部が全部つくりものということはあり得ない。それに彼女自身が中国で見たもの - 有り余るほどの食べ物、道を走る自動車、家電製品 - は、疑いをさしはさむ余地がない事実だ。









*2:デラックスな空港建設計画 http://wired.jp/2013/08/06/north-korea-airport/ や韓国との合同プロジェクトであるケソン工業団地の再開など http://www.cnn.co.jp/world/35035977.html